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Gulistan KARACA

Gulistan KARACA

Clinical Psychologist
Experience(Years): 5+
Given Sessions: +3000hours
Working with:Individuals,Couples,&Teen
Area:Stress,Anxiety,Relationship issues, Trauma,Family conflicts
Sam Agnew

Sam Agnew

Psychotherapist /Life Coach
Given Sessions:over 2500hours
Working with:Individuals,Couples,&Teen
Area:LGBTQIA+,ADHD,PTSD,CPTSD, Anxiety,Dyslexia,Dyspraxia,Dyscalculia
Attachment disorder therapy, also called attachment therapy, refers to a form of therapy that is specifically designed to help individuals who have difficulty forming and maintaining healthy attachments with others. Attachment disorders can occur in children and adults and can be the result of a traumatic or neglectful upbringing, or other early childhood experiences.
The goal of attachment disorder therapy is to help individuals understand and cope with their difficulties in forming and maintaining attachments, and to develop the skills and strategies needed to form healthy and secure attachments with others. This can include addressing underlying issues that may have contributed to the attachment disorder, such as emotional or psychological problems, and developing healthy coping mechanisms to deal with stress and other triggers.
It's important to note that attachment disorders can be complex and treatment can take time and effort, but with the help of therapy, individuals can learn to form healthy and secure attachments with others.

Attachment Disorders

Attachment Issues and Attachment Disorders

Attachment is a fundamental aspect of human development, shaping our emotional bonds and relationships throughout life. However, when these attachments are disrupted or compromised, it can lead to attachment disorders, affecting individuals both in childhood and adulthood. In this blog post, we'll delve into what attachment disorder entails, who might be susceptible, its symptoms, effects on mental health, and available treatments.

What is Attachment Disorder?

Attachment disorder refers to a condition in which individuals have difficulty forming and maintaining healthy emotional connections with others. This disorder typically stems from early experiences in infancy and childhood, where a child's basic needs for comfort, affection, and nurturing are not consistently met. These experiences can result in disruptions in the development of secure attachments, leading to lasting emotional and behavioural challenges.

How do you overcome attachment disorder? Overcoming attachment disorder involves understanding the underlying issues and seeking appropriate treatment. Therapy, counselling, and support from caregivers are essential in addressing attachment difficulties.

What is the treatment for attachment disorder? Treatment for attachment disorder typically involves therapeutic interventions such as attachment-based therapy, family therapy, and play therapy.

Who Might Develop Attachment Difficulties?

Various factors can contribute to the development of attachment difficulties, including:

  • Early Trauma or Neglect: Children who experience abuse, neglect, or separation from primary caregivers during critical developmental stages are at higher risk of developing attachment issues, which can lead to depression, and stress later in life.
  • Frequent Changes in Caregivers: Instability in caregiving environments, such as frequent changes in foster care or adoption placements, can disrupt the formation of secure attachments, leading to behaviour problems and difficulties in forming relationships.
  • Parental Mental Health Issues: Parents struggling with mental health issues, such as addiction, may have difficulty providing consistent emotional support to their children, which can contribute to attachment issues.
  • Genetic Predisposition: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition that makes them more vulnerable to attachment difficulties, which can manifest as anger management or self-harm behaviours.
Attachment Disorder Symptoms

Common symptoms of attachment disorder in children may include:

  • Difficulty forming bonds with caregivers, leading to anxiety and pressure in relationships.
  • Avoidance of physical or emotional closeness, which can contribute to loneliness and difficulties in social situations
  • Excessive clinginess or neediness, as a way to cope with feelings of insecurity and low self esteem.
  • Anger, defiance, or aggression, which can be manifestations of unresolved trauma and emotional abuse .
  • Impulsivity and difficulty regulating emotions, which may lead to challenges in academic or work settings.
Mental Health Effects

Mental health effects of attachment difficulties may include:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Depression
  • Difficulty trusting others
  • Impaired self-esteem
  • Difficulty regulating emotions
  • Substance abuse and addictions
  • Difficulty forming intimate relationships
  • Increased risk of psychiatric disorders
Attachment Disorder in Adults

While attachment disorders are often associated with childhood, they can persist into adulthood, manifesting in various ways:

  • Intense fear of abandonment, contributing to worry in relationships.
  • Difficulty trusting others, stemming from past experiences of emotional abuse.
  • Avoidance of intimacy or excessive clinginess in relationships, as a result of attachment insecurities.
  • Emotional detachment or numbness, which may be coping mechanisms for dealing with past trauma or addiction issues.
  • Difficulty managing emotions and forming meaningful connections, leading to challenges in maintaining healthy relationships and seeking support for mental health issues.
Attachment Disorders in Children

Attachment disorders in children refer to a set of complex psychological conditions that arise from disruptions in early attachment relationships with caregivers. These disorders can have significant implications for a child's emotional, social, and behavioural development. Attachment is a crucial component of healthy child development, providing the foundation for building secure relationships, regulating emotions, and developing a positive sense of self.


  • Early experiences of neglect or abuse.
  • Separation from caregivers.
  • Frequent changes in caregivers.
  • Parental mental health issues.


  • Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD): Characterised by a child's inability to form trusting relationships with caregivers, leading to withdrawal, fearfulness, or emotional numbness.
  • Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (DSED): Involves overly familiar behaviour with strangers and a lack of appropriate social boundaries.


  • Difficulties with emotional regulation.
  • Impaired social skills.
  • Problems with impulse control.
  • Challenges in forming healthy relationships.

Attachment disorders in children require comprehensive and individualised treatment approaches that address the underlying relational and emotional issues. With early intervention and appropriate support, children with attachment disorders can learn to form healthier attachments, develop coping strategies, and thrive in their relationships and daily lives.

Treatments for Attachment Disorder

Treatment approaches for attachment disorder typically involve a combination of therapies aimed at addressing underlying emotional and relational issues. These may include:

  • Therapeutic Interventions: Psychotherapy, particularly attachment-based therapies, can help individuals explore and process early attachment experiences, develop healthier relationship patterns, and improve emotional regulation skills, which can be beneficial for managing anger.
  • Family Therapy:In cases involving childhood attachment issues, family therapy can be beneficial in addressing relational dynamics and strengthening bonds between children and caregivers, which can help building self-esteem.
  • Attachment-Based Therapy: Attachment-based therapy focuses on repairing and strengthening attachment bonds, often through techniques such as guided imagery, role-playing, and mindfulness exercises, which can be helpful for managing anxiety.
  • Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage associated symptoms such as impulsivity, which can be beneficial for individuals struggling with alcoholism, addiction , self-harm, or eating disorders .
Attachment Therapy and Counselling: What is Attachment Therapy?

Attachment therapy is a specialised form of psychotherapy aimed at addressing attachment-related issues and improving interpersonal relationships. It is grounded in attachment theory, which emphasises the importance of early caregiver-child relationships in shaping an individual's emotional and social development.

Attachment therapy and counselling play a crucial role in addressing attachment disorders. These therapies provide a supportive and non-judgmental space for individuals to explore their emotions, develop coping strategies, and learn healthier ways of relating to others. Attachment disorder counselling and therapy for attachment disorder can help individuals overcome their attachment issues and lead more fulfilling lives.

Marriage therapy can also be beneficial for couples struggling with attachment issues, helping them improve communication, resolve conflicts, and rebuild trust in their relationship.

Can Therapy Help with Attachment Disorder?

Yes, therapy can be highly effective in treating attachment disorder by addressing underlying emotional wounds, improving interpersonal skills, and fostering secure attachment bonds. Through therapy, individuals can learn to recognize and challenge maladaptive patterns, develop greater self-awareness, and cultivate healthier relationships, which can lead to improved mental health and overall well-being.

Overcoming Attachment Disorder

While overcoming attachment disorder can be a challenging process, it is possible with the right support and interventions. Through therapy and counselling, individuals can learn to develop secure attachment bonds, heal from past trauma, and build resilience in emotional challenges. By addressing attachment issues, individuals can experience greater fulfilment in their relationships and a stronger sense of self-worth and belonging.

If you are asking "What is the best therapy for attachment issues?" then TimeToBetter recommends attachment-based therapy. This specialised form of therapy focuses on addressing attachment-related challenges and aims to repair and strengthen attachment bonds. Our highly qualified therapists are trained in attachment-based techniques to help individuals explore and process their early attachment experiences.

Through a combination of therapeutic approaches such as guided imagery, role-playing, and mindfulness exercises, attachment-based therapy assists clients in developing healthier relationship patterns and improving emotional regulation skills. With TimeToBetter, you can access this effective therapy to support your journey towards healthier attachments and improved well-being.